The Concise Oxford defines a homonym as: each of the two or more words having the same and/or pronunciation or different spelling and/or pronunciation but different meanings and origins.
Example: Pole and Pole
The first Pole refers to of Poland who could either be referred to as Polish or a Pole. The second Pole refers to a or any other wooden pole.
The Homonyms will have the similarity among them either in their spellings or in their pronunciation or in both.
Homonyms are good friends of writers specializing in humor, since they make excellent raw for puns.
Let us take alphabetical walk down the Lane of Homonyms and the different ones that ambush us along the way.
What is the difference between homophone and homonym?
By Kris Sunil, Colombo, Sri Lanka,(28th Dec.2006)In everyday contexts these two words are used interchangeably. But there is a difference in meaning between the two.
The word homophone comes from the Greek homo meaning same and phone meaning sound. Strictly speaking therefore, the word homophone is used to refer to words which sound alike, although they have a different spelling and meaning.
Here are a few :
mail, male; wear, ware; metal, mettle; etc.
A homonym, on the other hand, is used to refer to words which have the samespelling and pronunciation but have a different meaning.
Here are a few examples:
May (month), may (possibility); can (be able), can (put something in container); bear (the ), bear (to carry).
As we mentioned earlier, this distinction is seldom maintained in everyday conversation. People in general tend to use homonym to mean homophone.
A note about the pronunciation: The first ``o'' in both the words is pronounced like the ``o'' in ``hot'', ``pot'', and ``got''. The second ``o'' is like the ``a'' in ``China''. It's the first syllable which has the stress in both words. This is one way of pronouncing the words.