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|Music of Indonesia|
Gongs from Java
|Timeline • Samples|
|Classical • Kecak • Kecapi suling • Tembang sunda • Pop • Dangdut • Hip hop • Kroncong • Gambang kromong • Gambus • Jaipongan • Langgam jawa • Pop Batak • Pop Minang • Pop Sunda • Qasidah modern • Rock • Tapanuli ogong • Tembang jawa|
|Gamelan • Angklung Beleganjur • Degung • Gambang • Gong gede • Gong kebyar • Jegog • Joged bumbung • Salendro • Selunding • Semar pegulingan|
|Bali • Borneo • Java • Moluccan Islands • Papua • Sulawesi • Sumatra • Sunda|
A dangdut band typically consists of a lead singer, male or female, backed by four to eight musicians. Instruments usually include a tabla, mandolin, guitars, and synthesizers. The term has been expanded from the desert-style music, to embrace other musical styles. Modern dangdut incorporates influences from Middle Eastern pop music, Western 'rock,' house music, hip-hop, R&B, and reggae.
CultureMost major cities, especially on Java, have one or more venues that have a dangdut show several times a week. The concerts of major dangdut stars are also broadcast on television.
Beginning in 2003, dangdut became the focus of a national controversy in Indonesia over religion in public life and images of sexuality in media in response to performances by singer Inul Daratista that religious conservatives described as "pornography". Street protests called for Daratista's banning from television, and legislation, not passed as of 2007, was introduced in the People's Consultative Assembly calling for the abolition of a broad range of activities described as pornography.
Because the popularity of the genre, some movies and TV show use Dangdut themes such as Rhoma Irama's movies and Rudy Soedjarwo's Mendadak Dangdut.
Performance artistsLeading dangdut artists include:
- Rhoma Irama (The "King of Dangdut")
- Elvy Sukaesih (The "Queen of Dangdut")
- Inul Daratista (Creator of Goyang Inul which sparked an anti-pornography controversy)
- Evie Tamala
- Mansyur S.
- A. Rafiq
- Dewi Yull
- Fahmy Shahab
- Meggy Z.
- Camelia Malik
- Dorce Gamalama