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cara mudah memahami grammar english

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Minggu, 09 Januari 2011

cara mudah memahami grammar english

Dalam belajar bahasa inggris seringkali kita dibuat pusing dalam mengingat Grammar (structure) dan menerapkannya dalam kalimat secara tepat. Di sini aku mau coba sharing tips / metode memahami grammar dengan cara mudah dan tidak njelimet.

Metode ini aku dapatkan dari Ms. Nidya, dosenku (facilitator in my Pre-Departure Training) . Menurut dia, cara ini sudah terbukti ampuh dalam membantu banyak orang yang sedang belajar grammar tidak peduli tua atau muda. Terima kasih banyak untuk Ms. Nidya atas sharing ilmunya. Langsung aja deh kita bahas tenses yang sering bikin pusing itu (12 tenses yang sering dipakai). Caranya adalah kita buat matriks seperti tabel di bawah ini.


Past Present Future
Simple Past Present Future
Continuous Past Continuous Present Continuous Future Continuous
Perfect Past Perfect Present Perfect Future Perfect
Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Present Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous


Contoh penerapannya adalah sebagai berikut:


Past Present Future
Simple She sang a song
She sings a song She will sing a song
Continuous She was singing She is singing She will be singing
Perfect She had sung She has sung She will have sung
Perfect Continuous She had been singing She has been singing She will have been singing


Clues:
1) All Simple use Verb 1 / Verb 2
2) All Future use will
3) All Continuous use to be
4) All Perfect use had/has/have + Verb 3
5) All Perfect Continuous use had/has/have + been + Verb-ing

Simplifying Tenses
The difference between one activity and two activities:
1) One activity --> "Simple"
2) Two activities :
(a) At the same time --> "Continuous" vs "Simple"
(Here, the longer action is "Continuous")
e.g. : I was watching television when she knocked my door last night.

(b) At sequence --> "Perfect" vs "Simple"
(Here, the longer action is "Perfect")
e.g. :
- I will have finished my report when my boss arrives tomorrow.
- She had studied Japanese language before she went to Tokyo in 2008.

Good luck!
Hopefully you will not be confused anymore on Grammar.


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